Metadata Development for Palm Leaf Manuscripts in Thailand

Lampang Manmart, Nisachol Chamnongsri, Vilas Wuwongse, Shigeo Sugimoto


The main objective of this research is, to develop
metadata scheme for the management of digitized PLMs to increase efficiency in the
search, access, management and use. The research framework was based on Functional
Requirements for Bibliographic Records (FRBR) model developed by International
Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA), while the metadata
development process was developed on the concept of Metadata Life Cycle Model (MLM).
Thus, there were three main parts in this study: (1) analysis of the user needs and
expectations with respect to the manuscripts, of the requirements for managing
collections of palm leaf manuscripts, and of physical structure and content of palm leaf
manuscripts;(2) development of a metadata schema based on the results of these analyses;
and (3) implementation and evaluation of the final metadata schema. The prototype of PLM
management system was developed to implement the PLMM to test and evaluate the
usefulness of PLMM for access to PLM original copies and their content and for managing
PLM digital collection. The finding suggests that the perception of the PLMM usefulness
is relatively significant with users’ experience with the PLM. Finally, the PLM metadata
schema (PLMM) developed for palm leaf manuscripts consisted of 76 properties (34 core
elements and 42 element refinements) to describe all versions and formats of the PLM. It
can support both user tasks in searching for the PLMs and the collection management
tasks. PLMM can dominantly express and describe the special characteristics and content
of Thai Palm Leaf Manuscripts.

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